NEW YORK (WFAN/AP) — The NFL and its locked-out players have resumed mediation.

Commissioner Roger Goodell, Carolina Panthers owner Jerry Richardson and New England Patriots owner Robert Kraft were in the league’s contingent that arrived at the federal court house in Minneapolis on Thursday.

NFLPA executive director DeMaurice Smith was joined by lawyers and free-agent linebackers Ben Leber and Mike Vrabel. Hall of Fame defensive end Carl Eller came, too. Eller says he wants the fans to be happy and is hopeful of an agreement.

The NFLPA, dissolved by a vote of the players, is now a trade association and not a union. Smith, an attorney, was formally added to the legal team last week so he could represent the players in mediation even though he is no longer their union boss.

League officials, led by executive vice president Jeff Pash, met with U.S. Magistrate Judge Arthur Boylan for about five hours Wednesday. Lawyers for the players met with Boylan for about four hours Tuesday.

Might the court-ordered mediation between the league and its players foreshadow progress toward ensuring that pro football goes on this fall? Or is it merely a formality that will yield little as long as a key legal ruling on the lockout is still pending?

Mediation is considered the first positive step in this process since March 11, when the union was dissolved, the CBA expired and the NFL wound up a few hours later with its first work stoppage since the 1987 strike. All that has taken place since are lawsuits and sharp disagreements between the sides in one of the most rancorous sports labor disputes in memory.

The lockout followed 16 days of negotiations overseen by a federal mediator in Washington, with the league and players failing to agree on how to divide more than $9 billion in annual revenue.

The owners initially wanted to double the money they get off the top for expenses from about $1 billion to about $2 billion, but that number decreased during the last round of mediation. The players have insisted on full financial disclosure from all 32 teams, and so far the league has not opened the books to their liking.

Other major issues included benefits for retired players and the NFL’s desire to stretch the regular season from 16 to 18 games. The NFL also wants to cut almost 60 percent of guaranteed pay for first-round draft picks, lock them in for five years and divert the savings to veterans’ salaries and benefits.

More than $525 million went to first-rounders in guaranteed payments in 2010. The league wants to decrease that figure by $300 million, according to documents obtained by The Associated Press. The NFLPA had no immediate comment.

Boylan has a reputation as a problem-solver, but his work is cut out for him.

The key for Boylan is to make both sides comfortable with his neutrality and fairness, said Robert Berliner, an attorney who runs the Berliner Group mediation service in Chicago. He said the judge also has to prove he knows the subject and is flexible. Persuasiveness is a must, too.

“I think this is a fascinating opportunity to bring this to a successful conclusion, but the parties have to be willing,” Berliner said. “The mediator can only suggest, cajole and work hard to bring them together. He can’t make it happen, and if the parties aren’t willing to make a deal, the best mediator in the world can’t make it happen.”

U.S. District Judge Susan Richard Nelson, who ordered the mediation, is still considering a request from the players to lift the lockout imposed by the owners. After an April 6 hearing, she said she planned to rule on the injunction request in a couple of weeks.

Players including MVP quarterbacks Tom Brady and Peyton Manning filed the request along with a class-action antitrust suit against the league. The lawsuit has been combined with two other similar claims from retirees, former players and rookies-to-be.

For now, at least the two sides will be talking again — even though it’s under a court order.

“Whether they’ll make progress, it’s really hard to tell,” Berliner said. “I’d like to think so because I’m firmly a believer that parties are way better off deciding these issues for themselves than having courts decide them.”

Will the NFL and its players get any closer to a new CBA in the coming weeks? Let us know what you think in the comments below…

(TM and Copyright 2011 CBS Radio Inc. and its relevant subsidiaries. CBS RADIO and EYE Logo TM and Copyright 2011 CBS Broadcasting Inc. Used under license. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report.)

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