The teen was walking home on Brookville Boulevard from a party just after 1 a.m. Saturday when a car pulled up to her. Three shots were fired from the car, which then took off, police said.
The girl was shot in the torso and taken to Long Island Jewish Hospital where she is listed in serious condition.
Police later arrested four suspects in connection with the shooting.
Asad Giles, 17; Luis Rivera, 16; Jason Hargrove, 21; and Shaquille Hatcher, 19, have all been charged with attempted murder, gang assault, assault, criminal use of a firearm and criminal possession of a weapon.