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Pope Francis Begins Papacy, Holds First Sunday Mass From St. Peter’s

Pope Francis delivers first homily since being elected pope March 17, 2013 (credit: CBS 2)

Pope Francis delivers first homily since being elected pope March 17, 2013 (credit: CBS 2)

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VATICAN CITY (CBSNewYork/AP) – The Catholic Church’s new leader, Pope Francis, held a busy day of events on Sunday, two days before his formal installation.

As CBS 2’s Cindy Hsu reported, the pontiff has taken a new tone in connecting with the faithful, in a style that churchgoers seem to be welcoming.

Pope Francis received a rousing welcoming for his first Angelus – the weekly address delivered from the papal apartment at St. Peter’s Square.

Breaking with tradition, Pope Francis delivered off-the-cuff remarks about God’s power to forgive instead of reading from a written speech for the first Sunday window appearance of his papacy.

He also spoke only in Italian – beginning with “buon giorno” (Good day) and ending with “buon pranzo” (Have a good lunch) – instead of greeting the faithful in several languages as his last few predecessors had done.

His comments and humor delighted a crowd of more than 150,000 in St. Peter’s Square, drawing cheers and laughter.

But Francis did tweet in English and other languages, saying: “Dear friends, I thank you from my heart and I ask you to continue to pray for me.”

An estimated 150,000 people filled the square and surrounding streets, and some of the faithful jumped barricades for a good view.

Vatican spokesman the Rev. Federico Lombardi said it was likely Francis, at least for the moment, given the off-the-cuff style, was sticking with Italian, a language he’s comfortable with. Lombardi left open the possibility that other languages would be used in the appearances with the public in the future.

In just five days, Francis’ straightforward, spontaneous style has become immediate hallmark of his papacy.

Earlier Sunday, he made an impromptu appearance before the public from a side gate of the Vatican, startling passers-by and prompting cheers, before delivering a six minute homily – brief by church standards – at the Vatican’s tiny parish church.

Before he entered St. Anna’s church to celebrate Mass, he heartily shook hands with parishioners and kissed babies.

The pope said his focus will be on those less fortunate.

“I would like a poor church and a church for the poor,” Pope Francis said in his homily.

The sermon, delivered without notes, urged listeners not to condemn others, but to follow Jesus’ teachings of forgiveness.

“This is the style of the man,” said CBS News consultant the Rev. Robert Dodaro. ”It’s very personal, very informal — everything he’s saying. He’s saying, ‘ abbraccio,’ as the Italians say. He’s saying from the heart.”

As CBS 2′s Cindy Hsu reported, the notoriously shy cardinal is now working to become more media savvy as he takes over the Catholic church.

After Mass, Francis put his security detail to the test as he waded into the street just outside St. Anna’s Gate. As the traffic light at the intersection turned green, Francis stepped up to the crowd, grasping outstretched hands. The atmosphere was so casual that several people even gripped Francis on the shoulder.

A few minutes later as the traffic light turned red, Francis ducked back inside the Vatican’s boundaries to dash upstairs for the window appearance from the papal apartment in the Apostolic Palace.

The studio window was opened for the first time since Francis’ predecessor, Benedict XVI, gave his last window blessing on Sunday, Feb. 24. Four days later, Benedict went into retirement, the first pontiff to do so in nearly 600 years.

The crowd was cheering wildly when the white curtain at the window of his apartment was parted, and Francis appeared, but fell into rapt silence when he began to speak. Some people’s eyes welled up. Many people waving the blue-and-white flags of Argentine, the homeland of the world’s first Latin American pope. Some people help their children aloft or on their shoulders to get a better look.

Said Ivana Cabello, 23, from Argentina: “We are so proud. He is Argentine, but also belongs to the rest of the world.”

Angela Carreon, a 41-year-old Rome resident originally from the Philippines, estimated the crowd was twice as big as for Benedict’s last appearance on Feb. 28.

“I think he looks like John Paul II. I hope he is like him,” she said. “He has a heart.”

Two exchange students from Massachusetts were hoping to heart the new pope take a new approach to social issues.

“Help push for more equality for like women and stuff like that, hopefully,” said Tina D’Ontonio of Boston.

But Vatican experts said that is not likely.

“There aren’t going to be changes in church teachings under Francis,” Dodaro said. “What is changing is the style.”

Francis, the first pope from Latin America, was elected on March 13. He has been staying in a hotel on the Vatican’s premises until the papal apartment in the palace is ready.

Francis will be formally installed as pope on Tuesday.

Hundreds of extra traffic police were deployed Sunday morning to control crowds and vehicles, for it was also the day of Rome’s annual marathon.

Bus routes were rerouted and many streets were closed off in an attempt to channel the curious and faithful up the main boulevard from the Tiber river to St. Peter’s square.

Giant video screens were set up so the huge crowd could get a close-up look at Francis, and dozens of medical teams were on hand for any emergencies.

After the Mass, the pope stepped out jauntily from St. Anna’s Church and waved to a crowd of hundreds kept behind barriers across the street, and then greeted the Vatican parishioners one by one. One young man patted the pope on the back – an indication of the informality that has been evident from the first moment of his papacy.

“Francesco! Francesco!” children shouted his name in Italian from the street. As he patted one little boy on the head, he asked “Are you a good boy?” and the child nodded.

“Are you sure?” the pope quipped.

In his homily, Francis said the core message of God is “that of mercy.” He said God has an unfathomable capacity to pardon and noted that people are often harder on each other than God is toward sinners.

Edgardo Chapur, 42, an Argentine in Rome for first time, said it was very “emotional” to come to St. Peter’s Square to listen to Francis.

“It’s fantastic for us. I think it can change a lot of things in Argentina. It gives us hope,” he said. “It has given us new strength.”

The new pope is largely expected to stay in line with the church’s stance on conservative issues, but there may be a turn to the left on matters concerning world economic policy because of the pontiff’s Jesuit background.

The religious order has sometimes been at odds with the central church which represents 1.2 billion followers, CBS 2′s Lou Young reported.

“He’s the first Jesuit to be made pope, so it is new territory,” Fr. Thomas Collins with the New York Archdiocese said.

Here in the United States, the Jesuits are known mostly as educators. They run 29 colleges and universities in this country alone, including Georgetown, Loyola, Boston College and Fordham in the Bronx.

Worldwide, they have a reputation for defending the poor. Critics have accused them of being the inspiration for modern socialism, but Jesuits prefer to call it social justice, Young reported.

“Socialism as we see in places like Cuba imposes a system from above. Social justice says in justice, some wealth should be redistributed,” Fr. Joseph Leinhard a Jesuit Priest at Fordham University told Young. “It’s pretty clear the Francis he had in mind is Francis of Assisi who, at a time when Europe was growing wealthy, rejected wealth completely.”

How Pope Francis’ religious order may affect his papacy remains to be seen.

On Monday, the pope is set for a more formal meeting. He is set to sit down with Argentinean President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.

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(TM and © Copyright 2013 CBS Radio Inc. and its relevant subsidiaries. CBS RADIO and EYE Logo TM and Copyright 2013 CBS Broadcasting Inc. Used under license. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report.)