WASHINGTON (CBSNewYork/AP) -- Two pivotal senators announced a bipartisan deal Wednesday on expanding background checks to more gun buyers, an agreement that could build support for President Barack Obama’s drive to curb firearms violence.
Sens. Joe Manchin, D-W.Va., and Patrick Toomey, R-Pa., said their accord would help keep firearms from criminals and the mentally ill. Subjecting more firearms purchases to federal background checks has been the chief goal of Obama and gun control supporters, who promote the system as a way to prevent criminals and other potentially dangerous people from getting the weapons.
The agreement between two of the most conservative members of each party was expected to make it even likelier that the Senate’s initial vote Thursday to begin debating gun legislation will succeed, despite an effort by conservatives to block consideration of the measure.
“This bill will not only help keep guns out of the wrong hands – it will help save lives and keep our communities safe,” Mayor Michael Bloomberg said in a statement.
Even so, the ultimate fate of gun legislation remains unclear, clouded by opposition from the National Rifle Association and many Republicans and moderate Democrats in the Democratic-led Senate and the Republican-run House. Many critics say the effort would violate the Second Amendment right to bear arms and burden law-abiding gun owners.
“Truly the events at Newtown changed us all,” said Manchin, referring to the Connecticut town where 20 first-graders and six educators were shot down in December, launching the country into renewed debate over gun violence. “Americans on both sides of the debate can and must find common ground.”
“I don’t consider criminal background checks to be gun control,” said Toomey. “I think it’s just common sense.”
In a written statement, the NRA was critical.
“Expanding background checks at gun shows will not prevent the next shooting, will not solve violent crime and will not keep our kids safe in schools,” the statement said.
It said policymakers should focus on fixing the country’s mental health system and on gang violence.
“President Obama should be as committed to dealing with the gang problem that is tormenting honest people in his hometown as he is to blaming law-abiding gun owners for the acts of psychopathic murderers,” the NRA said.
The administration was continuing its effort to pressure Congress on gun control on Wednesday as first lady Michelle Obama planned to visit a high school in Chicago, the Obamas’ hometown, where authorities say 29 current or former students have been shot in the past year.
Currently, the background check system covers sales only by licensed gun dealers. The compromise would apply the system to all commercial sales, such as transactions at gun shows and online. The sales would have to be channeled through licensed firearms dealers, who would have to keep records of the transactions.
“I’ve been fighting to close the gun show loophole since 1999, and I’m glad to see we’ll have another chance to enact this important reform,” New Jersey Sen. Frank Lautenberg said in a statement.
Private transactions that are not for profit, such as those between relatives, would be exempt from background checks.
Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., who led an earlier unsuccessful effort to strike a bipartisan background check deal, is backing the compromise after changes were made from an initial version of the deal between Manchin and Toomey, according to a Senate aide who spoke on condition of anonymity to describe details of the talks.
The changes included eliminating language that would have required states to recognize permits to carry concealed weapons issued by other states and eliminating language that would have limited background checks to sellers who sell at least five guns annually, said the aide.
“The agreement achieves a dream of the gun control movement of 10 years, which is to close the gun show loophole completely and thoroughly, and also requires a background check on all Internet sales of guns, which is the fastest growing area of sale of guns,” Schumer told reporters in a conference call Wednesday afternoon. “Today’s agreement gives me a great deal of optimism that this, which is probably the most important of all the pieces of legislation that we put forward on gun control, will be achieved.”
“I am rolling up my sleeves and working really hard to get this bill passed. That’ll be a tough job,” Schumer said. “The Senate, as you know, we need a good number of votes from both sides of the aisle and the NRA is very strong here and then it’s even harder to pass it in the House of Representatives.”
Some Republicans might vote to begin debate on the legislation but eventually oppose the measure on final passage. Other parts of Obama’s gun effort already seem likely to face defeat, including proposed bans on assault weapons and high-capacity ammunition magazines.
The gun legislation Reid wants the Senate to debate would extend the background check requirement to nearly all gun sales. Reid would try to replace that language with the Manchin-Toomey compromise once debate begins, a move that would require a vote.
The overall gun bill also tightens federal laws against illegal gun sales and slightly increases federal aid for school safety.
Thirteen conservatives have signed a letter saying they will block consideration of the measure, and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said he will back that move. That will force Democrats to round up 60 votes to overcome the conservatives.
At least eight Republicans have said they want to begin debate or have indicated a willingness to consider it, a number that would be expected to grow if the background check agreement proves successful.
Some moderate Democrats were remaining noncommittal and could oppose opening the gun debate. There are 53 Senate Democrats and two independents who lean Democratic.
Amid the maneuvering, relatives of some Newtown victims are lobbying to support gun curbs. And Obama has been calling senators from both parties to push for the gun bill.
“People should listen to what we have to say and move the debate forward,” said Mark Barden, who lost his 7-year-old son, Daniel. “It’s not just about our tragedy. Lots of kids are killed every day in this nation. We have to help lead the change.”
On Monday, Obama was in Hartford pushing for gun control legislation and praised Connecticut for passing “common sense” bi-partisan legislation last week that calls for widespread restrictions on firearms.
“We have to tell Congress it’s time to require a background check for anyone who wants to buy a gun so the people who are dangerous to themselves and others cannot get their hands on a gun,” Obama said. “Let’s make that happen.”
Following the president’s speech, several families of Sandy Hook Elementary School victims joined Obama on Air Force One and flew to Washington to lobby lawmakers to back gun control legislation.
What are your thoughts on the legislation being debated in the Senate? Share your thoughts in the comments section below…
(TM and Copyright 2013 CBS Radio Inc. and its relevant subsidiaries. CBS RADIO and EYE Logo TM and Copyright 2013 CBS Broadcasting Inc. Used under license. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report.)