Israel, Hamas Agree To Open-Ended Cease Fire In Gaza
GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip (CBSNewYork/AP) — Israel and Hamas announced Tuesday that they agreed to an open-ended cease-fire in the Gaza war after seven weeks of fighting that killed more than 2,200 people, the vast majority Palestinians.
The cease-fire went into effect at 7 p.m. local time, but violence persisted until the last minute.
In Israel, mortar shells fired from Gaza killed one man and seriously wounded two people, authorities said.
In Gaza, police reported that an Israeli airstrike collapsed a seven-story building in the town of Beit Lahiya, the sixth high-rise to be toppled since the weekend. Booms from Israeli strikes could be heard in Gaza after the truce announcement was made.
In Gaza, massive celebratory gunfire erupted after 7 p.m. Chants normally reserved for Muslim holidays could be heard from mosque loudspeakers.
Earlier, officials from Hamas and Islamic Jihad, the main groups fighting Israel, had said the cease-fire included an Israeli agreement to ease its blockade of Gaza to allow relief supplies and construction materials into the war-battered territory.
Under the terms of the cease fire, Israel will also open border crossings for humanitarian and medical aid, and extend the fishing limit off the coast to six miles. Both sides will also hold talks within the next month on Hamas’ demand to build an airport and seaport for Gaza, according to an announcement by a senior Egyptian government official.
The details of the cease-fire would effectively mean Hamas and Islamic Jihad settled for terms that are similar to those that ended more than a week of fighting with Israel in 2012.
Under those terms, Israel promised to ease restrictions gradually, while Hamas pledged to halt rocket fire from Gaza at Israel. The truce held for long stretches, but Gaza’s border blockade also remained largely intact.
Even though it apparently had little to show for, Hamas declared victory.
“We still are keeping our promise for Gaza, we are still keeping our promise with the missiles, to keep the rifle high, and will continue to be with you, your wounded, your young men, until we liberate Palestine,” Hamas Spokesman Fawzi Barhoum said.
“We are here today to declare the victory of the resistance, the victory of Gaza, with the help of God, and the steadfastness of our people and the noble resistance,” Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri said in a news conference at Gaza’s Shifa Hospital.
“This cease-fire may very well have a shot at working. That’s because it is open-ended. The previous ones have been 72 hours, 36 hours. It means that more of the fundamental agreements may have been made,” CBS News’ Foreign Affairs Analyst Pamela Falk said.
As CBS 2’s Jessica Schneider reported, a spokesman for United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said the cease fire needs to prompt permanent peace.
“Any peace effort that does not tackle the root causes of the crisis will do little more than set the stage for the next cycle of violence,” the spokesman said.
The U.S. State Department echoed the need to move forward with talks.
“We view this as an opportunity, not a certainty,” said State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki. “Today’s agreement comes after many hours and days of negotiations and discussions, but certainly there’s a long road ahead.”
Israel and Egypt imposed the blockade after Hamas seized Gaza by force in 2007. Under the restrictions, virtually all of Gaza’s 1.8 million people cannot trade or travel. Only a few thousand are able to leave the coastal territory every month.
“We view this as an opportunity, not a certainty. Today’s agreement comes after many hours and days of negotiations and discussions, but certainly there’s a long road ahead. And we’re aware of that and we’re going into this eyes wide open,” Jen Psaki with the State Department said.
During the war, Hamas had said it would only cease fire if the blockade is lifted.
However, Israeli pressure on the group has been escalating. Hamas is believed to be left with just one-third of its initial rocket arsenal of 10,000, while Israel says it has destroyed most of Hamas’ network of military attack tunnels.
Israeli strikes have destroyed or severely damaged more than 17,000 Gaza homes, according to United Nations estimates, leaving about 100,000 people homeless. The number of dead has also been rising steadily, reaching at least 2,140 by Tuesday, with more than 11,000 Gazans wounded since July 8, Palestinian health officials said.
On the Israeli side, 69 people have been killed, all but four of them soldiers. Thousands of Israelis living near Gaza have fled their homes, including in recent days when Gaza militants stepped up mortar fire on southern Israel.
A spokesman for Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the terms accepted by Hamas were the same terms the terrorist group rejected one month ago.
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