WASHINGTON (CBSNewYork/AP) — Democrats clinched the crucial Senate votes Tuesday to block passage of a disapproval resolution against the Iran nuclear accord, an outcome that would be a major win for President Barack Obama against united Republican opposition.

But supporters of the deal stopped short of declaring victory amid the fast-paced developments as lawmakers returned to Washington from their five-week summer recess. That was because it remained uncertain whether all 41 Democratic and independent senators now on record in favor of the deal would also support a filibuster to block a final vote on the disapproval resolution.

Still, the complicated machinery of Congress was turning in favor of the president on his top foreign policy priority, despite GOP control of both the House and the Senate. Already supporters of the deal have the votes in hand to uphold Obama’s veto of a disapproval resolution, should that become necessary. Blocking the disapproval resolution with a filibuster, while ideal from the White House view because it would spare Obama from a veto fight, would not change the ultimate outcome.

“This agreement will stand,” Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., said Tuesday morning at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. “America will uphold its commitment, and we will seize this opportunity to stop Iran from getting a nuclear weapon.”

White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest made clear the administration’s preference for the Senate to block the disapproval resolution before it could reach Obama’s desk.

“We certainly would expect that those members of Congress who support the agreement to take the necessary steps in Congress to prevent Congress from undermining the agreement,” he told reporters.

As the day began Tuesday, Sen. Joe Manchin of West Virginia announced his opposition to the deal, a surprise “no” vote from a moderate Democrat who had sounded like he favored the pact aimed at curbing Iran’s nuclear ambitions.

But that setback for supporters was erased within the hour as three Democrats seen as potential “no” votes on the deal all announced they would support it. Those senators were Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut, Ron Wyden of Oregon and Gary Peters of Michigan.

“The fundamental question for me is what this agreement means for the prospects of Iran getting a nuclear bomb,” Wyden said. “This agreement with the duplicitous and untrustworthy Iranian regime falls short of what I had envisioned. However, I have decided the alternatives are even more dangerous.”

Blumenthal said the agreement “using diplomacy, not military force, is the best path now available to prevent a nuclear-armed Iran.”

“A simple blunt fact is that our formal negotiation partners and allies have signaled clearly they are not coming back to the table, a point confirmed to me in my personal conversations and meetings,” Blumenthal told WCBS 880. “So there is really no better deal available now, and the present sanctions are soon going to be unenforceable, producing an economic windfall for Iran whether or not accept this agreement.”

Blumenthal admitted he would not have agreed to the deal if he had been at the negotiating table, adding he’d like to take steps to strengthen it.

He said in remarks Tuesday that he’ll propose legislation with Sen. Ben Cardin of Maryland to ensure that sanctions can be snapped back into place if Iran cheats, will provide enhanced security for Israel and improve oversight of the agreement.

The agreement struck by Iran, the U.S. and five other world powers in July will provide Iran hundreds of billions of dollars in relief from international sanctions in exchange for a decade of constraints on the country’s nuclear program.

Republicans who control the House and Senate strongly oppose the pact, saying it makes dangerous concessions to Iran, and they hope to push through a resolution of disapproval this week.

Leaders of Israel have been strongly lobbying against the deal they say could empower Iran, but had succeeded in winning over only three Senate Democrats, albeit all of them prominent figures — Charles Schumer of New York, Bob Menendez of New Jersey and Ben Cardin of Maryland, the top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Manchin added his name to that list Tuesday.

Sen. Cory Booker of New Jersey met with Jewish leaders Tuesday to discuss his support for the deal.

They told the Democratic senator to press on the Obama administration for action should Iran threaten Israel, CBS2’s Christine Sloan reported.

“We respect his decision,” said Avi Schnall of Agudath Israel of America. “We wish he would have gone the other way.”

Sloan asked Booker if he thought voting for the deal meant he was actually voting for a state that supports terrorism.

“No,” he answered. “This is a deal first and foremost principally about will that terroristic state have a nuclear weapon or not.”

Booker insisted the meeting was not damage control.

“I make my own decisions,” the senator said. “This is definitely one where the administration’s cajoling was not the impactful element.”

But the majority of Democrats have swung behind the president, and predictions that the issue would dominate discussion during Congress’ August recess never came to pass as political headlines were largely overtaken by Donald Trump’s presidential candidacy. The two topics will converge on Wednesday, though, when Trump joins Texas Sen. Ted Cruz for a rally to oppose the deal — the same day Hillary Rodham Clinton delivers a speech supporting it.

The deal aims to keep Iran at least a year away from being able to produce enough nuclear material for a weapon, before the restrictions ease after a decade. Iran is currently assessed to be only two to three months away from being able to enrich enough uranium for a bomb, though the Iranians insist they have no intention of producing a nuclear weapon.

(TM and © Copyright 2015 CBS Radio Inc. and its relevant subsidiaries. CBS RADIO and EYE Logo TM and Copyright 2015 CBS Broadcasting Inc. Used under license. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report.)

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