NEW YORK (CBSNewYork/AP) — A bag containing traces of moon dust is heading to auction — surrounded by some fallout from a galactic court battle.

The collection bag, used by astronaut Neil Armstrong during the first manned mission to the moon in 1969, will be featured Thursday at a Sotheby’s auction in New York City of items related to space voyages. The pre-sale estimate is $2 million to $4 million.

The Apollo 11 Contingency Lunar Sample Return Bag, used by Neil Armstrong on Apollo 11 to bring back the very first pieces of the moon ever collected, is displayed during a media preview for Space Exploration auction in New York on July 13, 2017. (Photo: JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

“I just say Neil Armstrong moon dust — you get it,” Cassandra Hatton, who is handling the sale, told CBS News. “You don’t have to be American to understand why this is so important and this is also what’s exciting about this.”

In December, a federal judge ruled that it legally belonged to a Chicago-area woman who bought it in 2015 for $995. Sotheby’s declined to identify the seller. However, details of the 2015 purchase were made public during the court case.

Investigators unknowingly hit the moon mother lode in 2003 while searching the garage of a man later convicted of stealing and selling museum artifacts, including some that were on loan from NASA.

The artifact from the Apollo 11 mission was misidentified and sold at an online government auction.

Nancy Carlson, of Inverness, Illinois, got the ordinary-looking bag made of white Beta cloth and polyester with rubberized nylon and a brass zipper. Carlson, a collector, knew the bag had been used in a space flight, but she didn’t know which one.

“I did see a bag that was described as a lunar bag,” she said. “Flown. With a number on it. And it included the word moon dust.”

She sent it to NASA for testing and the government agency, discovering its importance, fought to keep it. The artifact “belongs to the American people,” NASA said then.

U.S. District Judge J. Thomas Marten in Wichita, Kansas said that while it shouldn’t have gone up for auction, he didn’t have the authority to reverse the sale. He ordered the government to return it.

“I found a piece of history that everybody forgot about,” Carlson said. “So that’s my great gratification in all this. I saved it from being lost.”

The judge said the importance and desirability of the bag stemmed solely from the efforts of NASA employees whose “amazing technical achievements, skill and courage in landing astronauts on the moon and returning them safely have not been replicated in the almost half a century since the Apollo 11 landing.”

When it comes to moon landings, Thursday’s auction is far from the final frontier.

A group called For All Moonkind, Inc. mentioned the moon bag this week while campaigning for “measures to preserve and protect the six Apollo lunar landing sites.”

It plans to take up the issue next month at the Starship Congress 2017 in California.

Other items on the block include Armstrong’s snapshot of fellow Apollo 11 astronaut “Buzz” Aldrin standing on the moon, with an estimated value of $3,000 to $5,000.

A documented flight plan astronauts used to return to Earth is valued at $25,000 to $35,000.

Thursday also marks the 48th anniversary of the first moon landing.

(© Copyright 2017 CBS Broadcasting Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Associated Press contributed to this report.)

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